punish


punish
punish [pun′ish]
vt.
[ME punischen < extended stem of OFr punir < L punire, to punish < poena, punishment, penalty: see PENAL]
1. to cause to undergo pain, loss, or suffering for a crime or wrongdoing
2. to impose a penalty on a wrongdoer for (an offense)
3. to treat harshly or injuriously [the punishing rays of the sun]
4. Informal to consume or use up
vi.
to deal out punishment
punisher
n.
SYN.- PUNISH implies the infliction of some penalty on a wrongdoer and generally connotes retribution rather than correction [to punish a murderer by hanging ]; DISCIPLINE suggests punishment that is intended to control or to establish habits of self-control [to discipline a naughty child ]; CORRECT suggests punishment for the purpose of overcoming faults [to correct unruly pupils ]; CHASTISE implies usually corporal punishment and connotes both retribution and correction; CASTIGATE now implies punishment by severe public criticism or censure [to castigate a corrupt official ]; CHASTEN implies the infliction of tribulation in order to make obedient, meek, etc. and is used especially in a theological sense [ “He chastens and hastens His will to make known” ]

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Punish — Pun ish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Punished}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Punishing}.] [OE. punischen, F. punir, from L. punire, punitum, akin to poena punishment, penalty. See {Pain}, and { ish}.] 1. To impose a penalty upon; to afflict with pain, loss, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • punish — pun·ish / pə nish/ vt 1: to impose a penalty on for a fault, offense, or violation 2: to inflict a penalty for the commission of (an offense) in retribution or retaliation or as a deterrent vi: to inflict punishment pun·ish·abil·i·ty /ˌpə ni shə… …   Law dictionary

  • punish — punish, chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct mean to inflict pain, loss, or suffering upon a person for his sin, crime, or fault. Punish implies imposing a penalty for violation of law, disobedience of authority, or intentional… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • punish — mid 14c., from O.Fr. puniss , extended prp. stem of punir to punish, from L. punire inflict a penalty on, cause pain for some offense, earlier poenire, from poena penalty, punishment (see PENAL (Cf. penal)). Colloquial meaning to inflict heavy… …   Etymology dictionary

  • punish — [v] penalize for wrongdoing abuse, attend to, batter, beat, beat up, blacklist, castigate, chasten, chastise, correct, crack down on*, cuff, debar, defrock, discipline, dismiss, do in, execute, exile, expel, fine, flog, give a going over*, give… …   New thesaurus

  • punish — ► VERB 1) impose a penalty on (someone) for an offence. 2) impose a penalty on someone for (an offence). 3) treat harshly or unfairly. DERIVATIVES punishable adjective. ORIGIN Latin punire, from poena penalty …   English terms dictionary

  • punish — pun|ish [ˈpʌnıʃ] v [T] [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: punir, from Latin punire, from poena; PAIN1] 1.) to make someone suffer because they have done something wrong or broken the law →↑punishment, punitive ↑punitive ▪ Smacking is not an… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • punish — [[t]pʌ̱nɪʃ[/t]] punishes, punishing, punished 1) VERB To punish someone means to make them suffer in some way because they have done something wrong. [V n] I don t believe that George ever had to punish the children... [V n] According to present… …   English dictionary

  • punish — punisher, n. /pun ish/, v.t. 1. to subject to pain, loss, confinement, death, etc., as a penalty for some offense, transgression, or fault: to punish a criminal. 2. to inflict a penalty for (an offense, fault, etc.): to punish theft. 3. to handle …   Universalium

  • punish */*/ — UK [ˈpʌnɪʃ] / US verb [transitive, often passive] Word forms punish : present tense I/you/we/they punish he/she/it punishes present participle punishing past tense punished past participle punished to make someone suffer because they have done… …   English dictionary